\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cstrong>乔治修拉\u003c/strong>\u003c/p>\u003cp>Georges Seurat\u003c/p>\u003cp>新印象画派(点" />
这大概是艺术运用科学理论创作,颜色最绚烂的一次
发布时间:2020-12-31
\u003cp>\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_47/332BA1083524F7031BDAD4A311B65B6627D9C5E3_w492_h627.jpg" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cstrong>乔治·修拉\u003c/strong>\u003c/p>\u003cp>Georges Seurat\u003c/p>\u003cp>新印象画派(点彩派)的创始人。生于巴黎一个保守家庭,家庭里他养成了孤僻的性格,很难与朋友们交往,同时也使他得以专心于自己感兴趣的东西而不受外界的影响。\u003c/p>\u003cp>他和梵高,劳特累克一样,不到四十岁便过世了,但他投以日夜发明的伟大作品,飞越了几个阶段攀上只有极少天才人物才能到达的高峰。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_47/FAEAD121A5AA3945494BDF044077EA71EF90F831_w150_h200.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:133.33333333333331%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_47/11F0444F549DD742FA2FF9120D72A68E71CECFA2_w444_h600.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:135.13513513513513%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_47/DBEE76299C4EC7B21DF41B18BF08CCAA14915D3F_w458_h600.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:131.00436681222706%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>1882和1883两年,修拉主要致力于素描,以黑、白二色熔炼出极具个性的绘画语言。他发明了一种新的轮廊,他不以线作为达到准确的手段,而是大块整体地作素描。在颗粒粗糙的素描纸上,修拉的笔把一些黑色块集中起来,而让一些空白的部位现出明显的形状。在熟悉了黑白问题之后,修拉花了一年的时间画了一张重要的油画《阿斯尼埃尔的沐浴》。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_47/9139CD3D73A5D257A987790D4485CE5313ED13CE_w600_h445.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:74.16666666666667%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_47/25B1E4F48775C09556ABD3F938292C286709C3DC_w600_h381.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:63.5%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_47/B87730208D5CCFC47517F24BA5D14BB30B627007_w582_h371.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:63.745704467353946%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_47/BA4EA52DF2B2D60376C7CBAF2A87F6397EE3B04F_w583_h371.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:63.63636363636363%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_47/FDC2B724F16BC4B411A0282DEF7ACD5EB1D0E1D3_w600_h402.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:67%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>修拉认为印象派的用色方法,不够严格,不免出现不透明的灰色。为了充分发挥色调分割的效果,用不同的色点并列地构成画面,画法机械呆板,单纯追求形式。他采用了不在调色板上调色,而用小园点,纯色色点进行点彩的办法。在一定的距离上看去,这无数的小点便在视网膜上造成所寻求的调色效果。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_47/7D71999B39F5115A8DED880A2DB4B6B440A83DC1_w491_h400.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:81.4663951120163%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_47/5ECAEFD8E14769AF3C28867FE8AF71FC335247E7_w512_h400.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:78.125%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_47/91DDD1735A9A85A5EE3A5905DDA28C34ED77FD5C_w533_h400.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:75.046904315197%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>画风景是他夏日的工作,他每年都要到海边或巴黎周围去画风景,以便通过与大自然的接触,来休息眼睛。到了冬天,他则买上一幅大画布,放在画室里,来搞研究,并且会在可能的情况下,获得一些成就。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_47/F5EC36CCCDD9E501F04BDDD5F8AD3EA5EAC0B0BD_w588_h465.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:79.08163265306123%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_47/CE16BB7D2800D736F0CE21514479EB3D7DE341C4_w600_h487.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:81.16666666666667%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_47/2F35318ACD69B236972929D7E1C992481F7BE2ED_w584_h371.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:63.52739726027398%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_47/CFF5A94E8F24AEA05F19E070A108053BCFED12FE_w600_h370.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:61.66666666666667%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_47/0077873D47C203654C8FAEC69D825BF1CB48DC45_w600_h375.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:62.5%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_47/EE740BC526255140CF405992F4D959FC6324EDD4_w600_h369.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:61.5%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>修拉保持了印象主义的某些原则,喜爱风景,化情节为主题,描写当代的生活,不过他们的共同之处也就止于此处了。修拉深信艺术来源于科学认识的领域,而且他又实际贯彻了这种信念,所以他成为了20世纪一切抽象绘画的先驱者。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_47/7CE01E3D41135FD981A785C74079553324BE43B7_w478_h600.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:125.52301255230125%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_47/5CE2D11A2B522E15FF82AC9E6BBD34E491B13E58_w500_h410.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:82%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_47/529E3A4C4E0FD3B58D3D314682C7AF23F21F7A75_w600_h488.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:81.33333333333333%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_47/BB41055A19E040A70F35D085707A99EABF1D0D71_w610_h400.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:65.57377049180327%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>夏尔·勃朗的论断:“服从于一些肯定规则的色彩,是可以象音乐一样地教授的”使他信服,他也长久地思索着谢弗勒尔提出的规律:“当人们的跟睛同时看到带有不同颜色的物品时,它们在物理构成上和色调的亮度上表现出来的变化现象都统统包含在颜色的同时对比之中”。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_47/2B69727FCCF14924CD7088D74562220EF7CDA4D3_w640_h513.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:80.15625%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_47/729CA54E38738B25796255E9F61F168C6A96FF29_w150_h200.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:133.33333333333331%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_47/4E33AC0634BA63207EF465407212E2AD631CB68C_w150_h200.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:133.33333333333331%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_47/61E69F1BC54E75F0026E6027F3B2E333E35CB87D_w150_h200.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:133.33333333333331%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_47/7A229451FC456ECB8C5CDF2B4FCBF709958447F4_w150_h200.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:133.33333333333331%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_47/C496825A1BACF5424C5DBD51BC0DAF656FA52CF7_w150_h200.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:133.33333333333331%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_47/3FDACD4953FE9C95F3592C89CD42759891EF142A_w150_h200.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:133.33333333333331%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_47/522378C3D49C4BFF1BD248AA0236AA3F8F162625_w150_h200.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:133.33333333333331%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_47/8A96B6F62FD98144022E540CBE8E2E07B4A6204D_w150_h200.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:133.33333333333331%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_47/1739F7173AEF55ECCB8014F4AF922F35AAA10FE0_w150_h200.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:133.33333333333331%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>后来,画家修拉曾为此说道:“一些有价值的素描和一些简单的速写在对比上和层次上研究得如此深入,以致人们可以根据它们画油画,而无需模特儿了。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_47/AA5D39B605EC1E80C94446844DBC03CB27ED8E9C_w150_h200.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:133.33333333333331%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_47/F5FF89A4668FFCDB01B9E0D0A51CAFEF629426E3_w150_h200.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:133.33333333333331%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_47/340B791AE2E0803D02C6C5B7ED742096919C2FA2_w150_h200.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:133.33333333333331%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_47/8FD62AB61EF9C7180E1EE9E4C235484FB12E7505_w150_h200.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:133.33333333333331%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" 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